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我不可能做到别人要求我做每一件事,我只有足够时间去做我该去做的事情。如果我无法把每件事情都作到尽善尽美,这便意味着我想做的事情已经超过了我该去做。认清了自己的人生坐标,我的生活变得更为简单了,作息安排也更为合理。 魅力由它而生,它是苦难的根源,也是塑造坚强现在的原因。愿意相信别人,能够承担别人的信任,相信别人却是极其艰难的决定。心底的秘密存在于过去,找到那个能接受过去的人,就能有勇气焚毁所有的担心,融化冰封的城堡,让世界大地回春。

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《三国演义》节选 第八十四回 火烧连营  

2012-05-07 20:33:17|  分类: learn |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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《三国演义》节选 第八十四回 火烧连营 - die rose - die rose的博客

决定魏、蜀、吴三国命运的战争不多,值得注意的就是赤壁之战和刘备伐吴之战。通过赤壁之战,基本上确立了魏、蜀、吴三国争霸的局面。而蜀与吴的这一战,双方都损失了不少优秀的人才和国力,两败俱伤,为以后魏的制霸创造了条件。还有,东吴越来越明显地暴露出它是这三国中的最弱者,除非蜀和魏永远不能分出高下,否则,东吴肯定会被胜出者吞并。——以上纯属个人观点

第八十四回  火烧连营

……

不说魏兵袭吴。且说马良至川,入见孔明,呈上图本而言曰:"今移营夹江,横占七百里,下四十余屯,皆依溪傍涧,林木茂盛之处。皇上令良将图本来与丞相观之。"孔明看讫,拍案叫苦曰:"是何人教主上如此下寨?可斩此人!"马良曰:"皆主上自为,非他人之谋。"孔明叹曰:"汉朝气数休矣!"

Ma Liang reached the Riverlands and presented Kongming with maps of the Emperor’s positions. “At present we have more than 40bases on both sides of the river, covering a stretch of700li. Each is pitched close to a stream or creek near thick woods. His Majesty has sent me to show these sketches to Your Excellency.” Kongming finished examining the documents and slammed his hand on the table. “Whoever,” he cried in anguish, “whoever advised our lord to pitch camp in this way should be executed.” Ma Liang responded, “It was entirely our lord’s own doing. No one advised him.” Kongming said with a sigh, “Then the vital cycle of the Han draws to a close.”

良问其故。孔明曰:"包原隰险阻而结营,此兵家之大忌。倘彼用火攻,何以解救?又,岂有连营七百里而可拒敌乎?祸不远矣!陆逊拒守不出,正为此也。汝当速去见天子,改屯诸营,不可如此。"良曰:"倘今吴兵已胜,如之奈何?"孔明曰:"陆逊不敢来追,成都可保无虞。"

Ma Liang asked the meaning of these words, and Kongming replied, “To pitch the camps like that violates every rule. If they attack by fire, he can’t be saved; nor can such a string of forts hold off the enemy. The end is not far off. Now I see why Lu Xun holds back so strictly and does not show himself. You must rush to the Son of Heaven and have him change the positions. They can’t be left like this.” “And if the southerners have already overwhelmed our troops?” Ma Liang asked. “Lu Xun will not dare pursue. The capital is safe.”

良曰:"逊何故不追?"孔明曰:"恐魏兵袭其后也。主上若有失,当投白帝城避之。吾入川时,已伏下十万兵在鱼腹浦矣。"良大惊曰:"某于鱼腹浦往来数次,未尝见一卒,丞相何作此诈语?"孔明曰:"后来必见,不劳多问。"马良求了表章,火速投御营来。孔明自回成都,调拨军马救应。

“Why so?” Ma Liang asked. “Because they have northern army behind them to worry about,” Kongming explained. “If our lord finds himself in trouble, he should find safety in the city ofBaidi. When I came into the Riverlands. I left10legions there at Fishbelly Meadow.” Ma Liang was amazed. “I have been through Fishbelly Meadow any number of times and have never seen a single soldier. Why is Your Excellency trying to deceive me?” “You will find out later,” Kongming replied, “Don’t trouble yourself any further.” Ma Liang took Kongming’s written petition and sped back to the imperial camp. Kongming returned toChengduand prepared to rescue the Emperor.

……

比及离营五里,吴军徐盛、丁奉二人两下杀来,蜀兵退去,救了淳于丹回营。丹带箭入见陆逊请罪。逊曰:"非汝之过也。吾欲试敌人之虚实耳。破蜀之计,吾已定矣。"徐盛、丁奉曰:"蜀兵势大,难以破之,空自损兵折将耳。"逊笑曰:"吾这条计,但瞒不过诸葛亮耳。天幸此人不在,使我成大功也。"

5 li from the camp, the Southland ambush was sprung. Xu Sheng and Ding Feng forced back the western army and then escorted Chunyu Dan back to the Southland side. Chunyu Dan, with an arrow lodged in him, went before Lu Xun to accept his punishment. “It was not your fault,” Lu Xun reassured him. “I had to test the enemy’s strength in order to form my plan for breaking Shu.” “They are too strong for us to defeat,” Xu Sheng and Ding Feng said, “We will lose men and leaders in vain.” Lu Xun smiled as he replied, “My plan would never fool Kongming. But by Heaven’s favor the man is not here, and this will help me to great victory.”

遂集大小将士听令:使朱然于水路进兵,来日午后东南风大作,用船装载茅草,依计而行;韩当引一军攻江北岸,周泰引一军攻江南岸,每人手执茅草一把,内藏硫黄焰硝,各带火种,各执枪刀,一齐而上,但到蜀营,顺风举火;蜀兵四十屯,只烧二十屯,每间一屯烧一屯。各军预带干粮,不许暂退,昼夜追袭,只擒了刘备方止。众将听了军令,各受计而去。

Again Lu Xun gathered his officers and men and issued his orders: “Zhu Ran is to advance on the river. Tomorrow after noon the southeast wind will blow strong. Load your boats with straw and proceed according to plan. Han Dang is to attack the north shore, Zhou Tai the south. In addition to spear and sword, each soldier is to carry a bundle of grass with sulphur and saltpeter inside and something to ignite it. Everyone is to advance together; as soon as you reach the enemy camps, use your torches according to the winds. They have40encampments; fire every other one. Carry dry provisions and pursue them relentlessly day and night until you have taken Liu Bei.” The commanders went severally to their ordered tasks.

……

先主正慌急之间,此时天色已微明,只见前面喊声震天,朱然军纷纷落涧,滚滚投岩:一彪军杀人,前来救驾。先主大喜,视之,乃常山赵子龙也。时赵云在川中江州,闻吴、蜀交兵,遂引军出;忽见东南一带火光冲天,云心惊,远远探视,不想先主被困,云奋勇冲杀而来。

Dawn broke on a desperate Emperor. Suddenly, he heard a great roar and watched as Zhu Ran’s ranks started to disintegrate. Every which way they began dropping into the rushing creeks or tumbling wavelike down from the heights. A band of men cut through to rescue the Emperor, who, to his delight, recognized their leader, Zhao Zilong of Changshan. Zhao Zilong had been in Jiangzhou but came to the scene when he heard fighting had broken out. Seeing a filed of flames licking the sky to the southeast, he anxiously investigated and to his astonishment found that the Emperor was trapped. Determined to save his lord, Zilong raced to the battleground.

陆逊闻是赵云,急令军退。云正杀之间,忽遇朱然,便与交锋;不一合,一枪刺朱然于马下,杀散吴兵,救出先主,望白帝城而走。先主曰:"朕虽得脱,诸将士将奈何?"云曰:"敌军在后,不可久迟。陛下且入白帝城歇息,臣再引兵去救应诸将。"此时先主仅存百余人入白帝城。

Lu Xun, hearing of Zhao Zilong’s arrival, swiftly ordered a retreat. But in the thick of the struggle Zhao Zilong met up with Zhu Ran and killed him in a brief clash. He scattered the southern soldiers, took charge of the Emperor, and headed for Baidi. “I may be safely out of it,” the Emperor said, “but what about my commadners and men?” “The enemy is too close,” Zilong said. “We can’t delay. If Your Majesty will enter Baidi and rest, I will go back to relieve the commanders.” At this time the Emperor entered Baidi with a retinue of little more than 100.

……

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