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我不可能做到别人要求我做每一件事,我只有足够时间去做我该去做的事情。如果我无法把每件事情都作到尽善尽美,这便意味着我想做的事情已经超过了我该去做。认清了自己的人生坐标,我的生活变得更为简单了,作息安排也更为合理。 魅力由它而生,它是苦难的根源,也是塑造坚强现在的原因。愿意相信别人,能够承担别人的信任,相信别人却是极其艰难的决定。心底的秘密存在于过去,找到那个能接受过去的人,就能有勇气焚毁所有的担心,融化冰封的城堡,让世界大地回春。

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中国银行简史  

2012-04-30 17:29:01|  分类: message |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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中国银行简史 - die rose - die rose的博客

中国的银行业始于清帝国时期。1904年中国成立第一家银行——Hupu(户部)银行

中国的银行业始于清帝国时期1
The Hupu Bank

 


The Hupu Ban

k was organized by the Imperial Ministry of Revenues in 1904 during the Qing Dynasty. It is the oldest government owned and operated bank in China and opened its first office in Beijing on September 27, 1905 (August 29, 31st year of Guangxu – Qing Dynasty). In 1907, the Hupu Bank established a Jinan branch. In 1908 its name was changed to “Great Qing Bank” (The Da Ching Government Bank) The Imperial Court of China effectively ended in 1911 when Pu Yi, the young Emperor, abdicated in favor of the new Republic of China envisaged by Sun Yat-Sen. The Republic of China was promulgated on January 1, 1912, with the seat of government being based in Nanjing.

 1904年,当时的清帝国政府出资组建了Hupu(户部)银行。这家古老的官营银行于1905年9月27日在北京开设了第一家营业厅(清代光绪31年农历8月29).1907年,Hupu(户部)银行在济南建立分行。1908年更名为“大清银行”(大清政府银行)这个名称直到清帝逊位,孙中山于1911年建立新共和国的似乎才被废除。1912年元月一日,孙中山的中华民国在南京成立。


The Ta Ching Government Bank

 


The Ta Ching Government Bank became the only authorized note issuing authority in China until its name was changed to the Bank of China in 1912. The Bank of China today therefore has its roots in Imperial China. The bank had its operations at 3-5, Hankou Road, Shanghai, before being changed to the Bank of China. The building is still there.

 直到1912年更名为中国银行以前,大清政府银行都是中国唯一的权威货币发行机构。今天中国的银行的源头始于帝国时代的中国。直到今天,改制前的中国银行仍若隐若现。上海汉口路3-5号就是当时的大清政府银行。当时的银行旧址仍在。1
The Bank Of China

 中国银行
Founded in 1912 to absorb and replace the Ta Ching Government Bank, this is the oldest bank in China. From its establishment until 1942, it issued banknotes on behalf of the Central Government along with the “Big Four” banks of the period: the Central Bank of China, The Farmer’s Bank of China and the Bank of Communications. It opened its first branch in Hong Kong in 1917. Although it initially functioned as mainland China’s central bank, it was replaced in this role by the Central Bank of China in 1928. Subsequently, it became a purely commercial bank. After the Chinese civil war ended in 1949, the Bank of China effectively split into two operations. The mainland operation is the current entity known as the Bank of China, and is now the second largest lender in China overall, and the 8th largest bank in the world by market capitalization value. The Taiwanese portion of the bank relocated to Taiwan with the Kuomingtang government in 1949. It was privatized in 1971 to become the International Commercial Bank of China, then subsequently merged with the Taiwan Bank of Communications (Chiao Tung Bank), to become the Mega International Commercial Bank.

 1912年吸收取代了清帝国的大清政府银行建立而来的中国银行是中国最古老的银行。从中国银行的建立起到1942年,它除了负责中央银行的发行货币的职责之外,更有传统的“四大银行”也是与其关系密切:中国中央银行,中国农业银行和中国交通银行。1917年,中国银行在香港建立分支机构。直到1928年中央银行收回货币发行权的十几年中,中国银行一直扮演了中国中央银行的角色。1928年以后,中国银行演变成纯粹的商业银行。1949年国共内战以后。中国银行一分为二。大陆的部分是目前众所周知的中国的第二大银行,按市值估算是世界第八大银行。台湾的部分1949年随着国民党战败退居台湾地区。1971年私有化演变成中国国际商业银行,随后与台湾交通银行合并成立兆丰国际银行。1
Today, the Bank of China has over RMB 3 trillion in assets, making the Fortune Global 500 for the past 17 years. The Bank of China building in Hong Kong, designed by I.M. Pei and opened in 1990, and is currently the 10th tallest building in the world.

 今天,中国银行过去17年一跃成为顶级银行,约有超过3万亿人民币的存款。中国银行在香港的办公楼由著名设计师贝律名1990年设计和开放,高度世界第10.1
The Bank of China ceased issuing bank notes in 1942, when the Communist Party reorganized China’s banking system and re-positioned the Peoples Bank of China as the main bank note issuing authority, a position which it retains today. The only exceptions for issuance of notes by the Bank of China have been the old Foreign Exchange Certificates, issued only to foreigners until 1990, and two special commemorative issues, for the 50th anniversary of the founding of the People’s Republic of China, and for the new millennium.

 1942年,中国银行终止了货币发行权,共产党中国重新组织、定位系统,货币发行权由中国人民银行实施。当然中国银行保留的兑换国外旧版通货的许可直到1990年才被废止。作为标志性事件,中国人民银行为纪念成立五十周年,新千年来临之际发行了纪念版邮票。1
Pictured below are examples of notes the bank issued as one of China’s four issuing banks and then as FEC and commemorative issues:

 下图是历届银行发行货币:

 
1918 5 yuan bank note

1918年,5元纸币

 
1930 Bank of China 5 dollar note

1930年5元纸币

 
1940 Bank of China 10 yuan note (picturing Dr. Sun Yat-Sen; printed by the American Bank Note Company)

 1940年中国银行发行的10元纸币(头像是孙中山先生,由美国货币印刷局印刷)

 
1988 Bank of China RMB50 FEC

 1988年中国人民银行发行的50元纸币1

 
2000 Bank of China RMB100 millennium commemorative note

 两千年中国银行发行的纪念版100元人民币

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