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我不可能做到别人要求我做每一件事,我只有足够时间去做我该去做的事情。如果我无法把每件事情都作到尽善尽美,这便意味着我想做的事情已经超过了我该去做。认清了自己的人生坐标,我的生活变得更为简单了,作息安排也更为合理。 魅力由它而生,它是苦难的根源,也是塑造坚强现在的原因。愿意相信别人,能够承担别人的信任,相信别人却是极其艰难的决定。心底的秘密存在于过去,找到那个能接受过去的人,就能有勇气焚毁所有的担心,融化冰封的城堡,让世界大地回春。

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50年前---1961年的世界  

2012-04-21 16:00:42|  分类: message |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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50年前---1961年的世界 - die rose - die rose的博客

历史。回头看50年前。

50 Years Ago: The World in 1961

50年前:1961年的世界

Oct 19, 2011

半个世纪以前,世界的大部分地区都处于变化和动荡之中。我们正走出“二战后”时代步入冷战和和平时期。在扩大人权运动和反对核武器的抗议声中,1961年,美国约翰.F .肯尼迪作为第35任总统就任;苏联宇航员尤里加加林成为世界上第一个太空飞行的人;自由乘车客(1961年美国南部黑人民权运动者为抗议长途汽车种族隔离而采取的抗议行动)乘公共汽车去南方,向种族隔离主义发起勇敢的挑战;东德开始修筑柏林墙;1961年,肯尼迪下达了灾难性的入侵古巴猪湾的命令。并承诺由美国国家宇航局实现的阿波罗登月计划。肯尼迪还视察了美军在越南的部署,截至1961年底,大约2000名士兵被派往那里。现在让我带你穿越时光,回到50年前,让我们审视一下1961年的世界。

John F. Kennedy speaks for the first time as President of theUnited Statesin front of the Capitol inWashington,D.C., on January 20, 1961, during the inaugural ceremonies.

1961年1月20日,约翰.F .肯尼迪,美国第35任总统在华盛顿的国会大厦前发表第一次就职演说。

2

Singer Bobby Darin stands beside a hand-made automobile called the "Bobby Darin Dream Car," unveiled on March 31, 1961, inHollywood,California. Owner Andrew Di Dia, who designed and built the $150,000 car, will take it on a nationwide tour.

1961年3月31日,加州 好莱坞,歌手鲍比.戴琳站在一辆手工制造的汽车旁。这辆被称为:“鲍比戴琳的梦想汽车” 的车由安德鲁.迪.达 设计并制造,价值15万美元,鲍比将乘这辆车进行他的全国巡回演出。

3

Canon John Collins ofSt. Paul's Cathedral, a leading figure in the campaign for nuclear disarmament which organized the two ban-the-bomb marches over the Easter holiday, addresses a mass protest rally inLondon'sTrafalgar Squareon April 3, 1961, after the marchers had converged on centralLondonfrom Aldermaston andWethersfield.

1961年4月3日,伦敦,特拉法甲广场,圣保罗大教堂前,佳能.约翰.科林斯,反核武器运动的领导人,复活节反弹大游行的组织者,将游行从奥尔德马斯顿(英国伯克郡的一个村庄)和韦琴斯菲尔德(美国康涅狄格州中部城镇)扩展到伦敦中心地带后,在群众集会上演讲。

 

1961年10月23日,凯尼斯.杰配身着防护服,从马萨诸塞州梅德福的原子微粒掩蔽所走出,手中拿着一个用于测量放射性的盖革计数器。杰裴和他的家人整个周末都在掩蔽所中测试他们的设备。

4

Kennith Gelpey wears protective clothing as he emerges from a fallout shelter in Medford,Massachusetts, on October 23, 1961, with a geiger counter in hand to "test for radiation". Gelpey and his family spent the weekend in the shelter to test their equipment.

 

5

A tightly clutched Madonna and eyes filled with tears tell the story as an African-American girl is whisked away from the University ofGeorgia campus in a state patrol car, on January 12, 1961. Charlayne Hunter, 18, who started classes at the school on Tuesday under federal order, was withdrawn last night for her own protection when students staged an uprising against the integration.

1961年1月12日,一个女孩手中紧握着圣母像,眼含泪水坐在一辆周巡逻警车里。作为在一名非洲裔美国人,她被从乔治亚大学带走。她叫查理那.亨特,18岁,星期二依据联邦政府的命令开始了她的学校生活,但前一天晚上由于学生们举办的反抗机会不断升级,出于对她安全的考虑,不得不将其撤离。

苏联宇航员尤里.加加林(右)与苏共委员会总书记布里兹涅夫握手。加加林因成功地完成了历史上首次载人宇宙飞行而荣获列宁勋章以及苏联金星英雄奖章。

6

Soviet cosmonaut Major Yuri Gagarin (right), shakes hand with Leonid Ilich Brezhnev, the General Secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union, after the Soviet statesman awarded Gagarin the Order of Lenin and a Gold Star medal of the Hero of the Soviet Union for his achievements in becoming the first man in history to travel in space.

1961年6月16日,麦克.海尔伍德,21岁的牛津大学学生在展示他的速度。在每年一度的曼岛举行的英国高级旅游杯摩托车赛中他的诺顿摩托车时速达到226英里。他赢得了这场比赛。在六圈的比赛中他的平均速度达到每小时100.6英里,在旅游杯历史上创造了一周之内赢得三场比赛的记录。

7

Mike Hailwood, 21, of Oxford, is shown at speed on his Norton motorcycle in the 226-mile Senior International Tourist Trophy Race on the mountain course in the Isle of Man,United Kingdom, on June 16, 1961. He won the six-lap race at an average speed of 100.6 miles an hour, making T.T. history by winning three races in a week.

1961年1月9日,在堪布里奇的哈佛校园,警察和便衣在徒劳地想要保护刚当选但尚未就职的约翰肯尼迪(中)。肯尼迪通常是一个行动迅速的人, 但学生们冲破了警察设置的障碍并将其围得水泄不通时,他不得不停止了散步,躲到一件宿舍里,直到警察找来一辆车才把他解救了出来。

8

Police and secret service struggle in vain to free President elect John F. Kennedy (center) from a surging mass of Harvard students in Harvard yard inCambridge, on January 9, 1961. Kennedy, normally a fast mover, was halted in his tracks when students broke through police barrier. He had to take refuge in a dormitory until police could bring a car to get him out.

1961年1月6日, 一个扛着来复枪的民兵在古巴哈瓦那的马雷贡大街的机动车道上行走。这条昔日对美国游客而言十分熟知的大街自从被卡斯特罗武装接管之后被用作防御目标,从那时起,所有的正常交通都改道,所以大街上一辆车也没有。

9

Not a car is visible onMalecon DriveinHavana,Cuba, a street well-known to American tourists in former days, as Fidel Castro's forces take over, using it for defense purposes. A single rifle-toting militiaman walks along the drive inHavana, on January 6, 1961, from which all normal traffic was diverted.

1961年4月,猪湾入侵期间,菲德尔.卡斯特罗坐在一辆坦克上。大约有1300名美国政府支持的古巴流亡者入侵了古巴岛国,试图推翻卡斯特罗的独裁统治。这次入侵遭到了惨败。90名入侵者被杀害,其余的在三天之内也都被俘。

10

Fidel Castro sits in a tank during the Bay of Pigs Invasion in April of 1961. Some 1,300 Cuban exiles, backed by the U.S. Government, invaded the island nation ofCuba, attempting to overthrow the government of the Cuban dictator Fidel Castro. The invasion failed disastrously, with 90 of the invaders killed, and the rest captured within 3 days.

1961年2月23日芝加哥中途岛机场,由于航空公司工程师罢工导致的一度黑暗的飞机库重新亮起来。美国环球航空公司的飞机随时准备推出恢复服务。蔓延了起家航空公司的野猫罢工行动在华盛顿由总统肯尼迪宣布结束。

11 Hangars which had been darkened during a strike by airline flight engineers are lighted atChicago's Midway airport on February 23, 1961, as TWA planes are wheeled out to be prepared for resumption of service. The end of a wildcat walkout against seven airlines was announced inWashington,D.C.by President Kennedy.

1961年6月26日,纽约A.G麦克劳德博士在美国纽约医疗协会的会议上展示了一个巨大的人脑控制系统电器模型。迷宫一般的缠绕的管子和闪烁的灯演示了大脑接受信号,并将其转化成想法然后采取行动的过程。

12

A giant electrified model of the human brain's control system is demonstrated by Dr. A.G. Macleod, at the meeting of the American Medical Association inNew York, on June 26, 1961. The maze of twisting tubes and blinking lights traces the way the brain receives information and turns it into thought and then action.

13

1961年6月8日,日本东京。一个身份不明的学生在和警察的冲突中窒息。警察试图分散示威者。学生示威者在国会大厦前抗议一个有争议的反政治暴力法案。有大约10000名工会会员和学生参加了这场声势浩大的示威,示威者尖叫、投掷石头,警察则挥舞着棍棒。

13

An unidentified student demonstrator is choked by two policemen inTokyo,Japan, on June 8, 1961, during a clash when police tried to disperse student demonstrators protesting against a controversial anti-political violence bill near the parliament building. Over 10,000 unionists and students took part in the massive demonstration marked by the screaming, rock-throwing and club-swinging clash between the students and policemen.

14

3月24日佛罗里达FT.劳德戴尔堡的克莱斯勒赛百灵机场,简.劳埃德。她的兰博基尼跑车失去控制,在20圈的初级方程式比赛的第一圈中发生了翻滚。索性她伤势不重,并从事故中平安脱身。

14

Jean Lloyd, of Ft. Lauderdale,Florida, lost control of her Stanguellini sports car and rolled over in first lap of a 20-lap formula junior race at theSebringAirporton March 24,1961 inSebring. She was not hurt seriously and walked away from the accident.

1961年5月24日,阿拉巴马州蒙哥马利,自由行民权工作者们在一个公共汽车售票台前准备买票继续前行穿越南部。站在中间的是牧师及领袖马丁路德金。

15

Freedom riders stand at ticket counter of the bus station inMontgomery,Alabama, on May 24, 1961, as they purchase tickets to continue their ride through the south. At center is integration leader Reverend Martin Luther King, Jr.

一位自由乘车客在1961年被捕。

(译者附:1961年美国南部黑人民权运动者为抗议长途汽车种族隔离而采取的抗议行动)

乘车示威的黑人尤指美国南部黑人为抗议种族歧视而乘坐专为白人服务的公共汽车者)

16

One of the Freedom Riders being arrested 1961.

1961年5月,阿尔巴马洲安妮斯顿附近,一辆自由乘车客大巴叹气了熊熊大火。一枚火焰炸弹被从窗子扔进。

17

A Freedom Rider bus goes up in flames after a firebomb was tossed through a window nearAnniston,Alabama, in May of 1961.

1961年3月29日,密西西比洲杰克逊市,一个警察命令他的狗袭击一名非洲裔美国人(美国黑人),因为他命令该黑人离开警察法庭时黑人动作太慢。在此之前不久有9名黑人大学生因坐在白人图书馆里而被告上法庭。

18

A policeman orders his dog to attack an African-American who was too slow in obeying his order to move away from in front of police court, shortly before nine African-American college students went on trial for sitting-in at a white city library, on March 29, 1961, inJackson,Mississippi.

1961年05月23日,阿尔巴马洲的蒙特玛丽。乔治.林肯.罗克韦尔,中,自封的美国纳粹领导人,他的“讨厌巴士”和几个佩戴了纳粹所用的十字袖章的年轻人,在去莫比尔的途中停下来加油。

19

George Lincoln Rockwell, center, self-styled leader of the American Nazi Party, and his "hate bus" with several young men wearing swastika arm bands, stops for gas inMontgomery,Alabama, on May 23, 1961, en route toMobile,Alabama.

1961年5月14日,摄影师汤米·兰斯顿遭到袭击前的一刻, 他拍到这张唯一的照片。在阿拉巴马州的伯明翰的“路途”大巴3K党成员正在袭击自由乘车客。这张照片帮助确定了参与殴打的3K党成员。

20

Moments before photographer Tommy Langston was attacked on May 14, 1961, he shot this single photo of Klansmen attacking a Freedom Rider at the Trailways Bus Station inBirmingham,Alabama. The photo helped identify Klansmen involved in the assault.

1961年5月3日,国民警卫队在执行戒严令。图为他们带着防毒面具手执刺刀在阿尔巴马蒙戈马力的迪克西格雷夫斯堡进行军事演习。

21

National Guard troops enforcing martial law work out with bayonets and gas masks as they go through training maneuvers at Fort Dixie Graves inMontgomery,Alabama, on May 3, 1961.

这是一张由密西西比洲历史档案馆提供的杰克逊警局的入档照片,摄于1961年6月8日。照片中的人是自由乘车客琼.托姆博。19岁的杜克大学学生及加利福尼亚州参议员克莱尔恩格尔华盛顿办事处的兼职秘书托姆博抵达密西西比的杰克逊市,去参加1961年 6月4日的密西西比自由乘车客活动。她和另外8人很快被捕,并拒绝保释。托姆博被判3个月监禁,此后,她报名进入刚刚开始接受白人学生的专为黑人设立的陶格鲁大学。

22

A Jackson Police Department file booking photograph of Freedom Rider Joan Trumpauer provided by the Mississippi Department of Archives and History, taken on June 8, 1961. 19-year-old Duke University student and part-time secretary in the Washington office of Senator Clair Engle of California, Trumpauer arrived in Jackson, Mississippi to take part in the June 4, 1961 Mississippi Freedom Ride. She and eight others were promptly arrested and refused bail. Trumpauer served three months in jail, later enrolling in traditionally black Tougaloo college, which had just started accepting white students.

1961年9月3日,纽约扬基体育场。扬基队的外野手米奇.曼托在和底特律老虎队的赛季的第一局奋力一击完成了他的本赛季第49次本垒打。

23

New York Yankees' centerfielder Mickey Mantle completes his swing as he hits his 49th homer of the season in the first inning against the Detroit Tigers at Yankee Stadium, New York, September 3, 1961.

来自1961年的新闻标题:如果这项设计可以得以发展并投入应用的话,70年代的电视观众将可以使用与今天完全不同的电视机来观看他们喜欢的电视节目。1961年6月21日,在伊利诺斯州芝加哥的家居用品博览会上,超薄屏幕的电视机成为此类设计的典范。另外一项设计是一贯自动计时装置,当观众无法准时观看电视节目时,该设备可以录制电视节目,以边以后回放。这款32*22英寸大小的彩电只有四英寸厚。

24

Caption from 1961: TV viewers of the 1970s will see their programs on sets quite different from today's, if designs now being worked out are developed. At the Home Furnishings Market inChicago,Illinois, on June 21, 1961, a thin TV screen is a feature of this design model. Another feature is an automatic timing device which would record TV programs during the viewers' absence to be played back later. The 32x22-inch color screen is four inches thick.

1961年,华盛顿州西雅图正准备迎接1962年即将到来的世博会。图为正在建造中的太空针塔。

25

InSeattle,Washington, the Space Needle is under construction in 1961, as the city prepares for the upcoming 1962 World's Fair.

1961年10月7日肯塔基州的路易斯维尔,来自阿根廷的选手亚历克斯.米托付被卡西乌斯.克雷在第六轮电视转播赛中击败。米托付无法继续比赛,在第六轮比赛开始一分45秒后被判技术击倒。

26

Argentinean Alex Mitoff reels under from an attack by Cassius Clay in the sixth round of a televised boxing match from Louisville,Kentucky, on October 7, 1961. Mitoff was unable to continue the fight and a technical knockout was called one minute 45 seconds in the sixth round.

1961年5月5日,卡纳维拉尔角宇航员艾兰.B.谢波德穿上宇航服做最后的测试。谢波德将穿着它开始美国历史上第一次载人火箭飞行。

27

Space suit worn by Astronaut Alan B. Shepard, Jr., is given final testing in Cape Canaveral, on May 5, 1961 before Shepard donned it for America's first manned rocket flight.

1961年初,佛罗里达州卡纳维拉尔角,太空舱里的黑猩猩Ham。Ham是第一个在美国太空计划中被发射到太空的黑猩猩。经过16分钟39秒的飞行之后Ham的太空仓安全地降落到了太平洋上。

28

Ham the chimp in his capsule during his space flight fromCape Canaveral,Floridain early 1961. Ham was the first chimpanzee launched into outer space in the American space program. Ham's capsule splashed down safely in theAtlantic Ocean, after a flight of 16 minutes and 39 seconds.

美国国家航空航天局的LOLA项目或称月球轨道着陆探测器项目,是建在兰利市的一个月球表面着陆模拟器,旨在研究月球表面登陆相关的问题。这是一个复杂的工程,耗资近200万美元。这个模拟器的设计为宇航员提供了一份详细的月球表面视觉体验。这个装置主要由驾驶舱,闭路电视系统,以及四个从各种海拔高度代表月球表面局部的巨幅照片或比例模型。飞行员在座舱内沿轨道移动,以使宇航员习惯这些画面,以便在接近月球表面时能够自如地控制宇宙飞船。

29

NASA's Project LOLA or Lunar Orbit and Landing Approach was a simulator built at Langley to study problems related to landing on the lunar surface. It was a complex project that cost nearly $2 million dollars. This simulator was designed to provide a pilot with a detailed visual encounter with the lunar surface; the machine consisted primarily of a cockpit, a closed-circuit TV system, and four large murals or scale models representing portions of the lunar surface as seen from various altitudes. The pilot in the cockpit moved along a track past these murals which would accustom him to the visual cues for controlling a spacecraft in the vicinity of the moon.

1961年5月海上营救。一架直升机正在从水中营救出美国宇航局的宇航员艾伦.谢波德。

30

Ocean rescue, as a helicopter lifts NASA astronaut Alan Shepard from the water in May of 1961.

1961年,耶路撒冷的法庭。阿道夫-艾希曼由于他在二战中犯下的战争罪行被审判,图为艾道夫站在防弹玻璃笼子中,两边各有一个警卫看守.阿根廷的一个以色列情报机关将其捕获后, 他被以包括人道罪名在内的十五条罪名起诉,判处死刑,并于1962年5月31日执行。

31

Adolf Eichmann stands in his glass cage, flanked by guards, in the Jerusalem courtroom where he was tried in 1961 for war crimes committed during World War II. After his kidnapping by Israeli Mossad agents in Argentina, Eichmann was tried and convicted of all 15 charges against him including crimes against humanity, and was executed on May 31, 1962.

1961年2月15日,暴民将一辆美国驻埃及开罗大使馆的汽车点燃并包围,以此抗议帕特利斯.卢蒙巴的死。卢蒙巴是刚果独立领导人,同时也是第一位合法当选的刚果共和国首相。在一次权利冲突和军事政变之后,卢蒙巴被击毙。许多人认为这是美国政府操纵的。2002年比利时政府官方为此事件发表了正式道歉。

32

A mob surrounds flaming auto belonging to the U.S. Embassy inCairo,Egypton February 15, 1961, after setting it on fire during protest of death of Patrice Lumumba in theCongo. Lumumba was a Congolese independence leader and the first legally elected Prime Minister of the Republic of theCongo. After a power struggle and a military coup, Lumumba was killed by firing squad -- an act many believe was committed with the assistance of the government of theUnited Statesand for which the Belgian government officially apologized in 2002.

33

The Japanese ultra-nationalists held their "Patriotic Day" inTokyoon May 1, 1961, while a record 1,560,000 workers observed the annual May Day celebration throughout the country. Rightists held a rally atHibiyaPark, demonstrating with swastika banner and calling for the dissolution of the Socialist Party.

34

The fellows at Homan Hall, Fresno State College's men's dormitory, claim a world record for stacking 73 people on a dormitory bed, on May 17,1961 inFresno, California, This photo was taken prior to topping the pile with five girls to break the record.

35

An American Apache Indian kneels down to kiss the hand of Pope John XXIII (Angelo Guiseppe Roncalli) during an audience of the Apache delegation at theVaticaninRome,Italy, May 16, 1961.

女演员玛丽莲·梦露。摄影师莱恩.斯特克勒抓拍于1961年12月。

36

Actress Marilyn Monroe, as captured by photographer Len Steckler in December of 1961.

37

1961年4月21日,在10分钟的空袭民防警报测试中,一只狗坐在空旷的时代广场中央。除了这只狗,往日熙熙攘攘的广场上只能看到警察。

A dog sits in the middle of an empty Times Square during 10-minute civil defense test air raid alert in New York, on April 28, 1961. Besides the dog, only police are visible in the usually bustling area.

1961年3月华盛顿的一次新闻发布会上,美国总统约翰.F.肯尼迪手指向地图上的老挝。他指出共产主义对老挝的威胁是“困难的并且是有潜在的威胁的”

38

U.S. President John F. Kennedy points to a map of Laos during a press conference inWashington, on March 1961, as he states that the communist threat toLaosis "difficult and potentially dangerous".

在这张被北朝鲜官方新闻机构广泛引用的陈旧的照片中,我们可以看到朝鲜领导人和孤儿在一起。

39

In this May 1961 dated photo fromNorth Korea's official Korean Central News Agency, distributed by Korea News Service, leader Kim Il Sung is seen together with orphans.

1961年4月23日,联合国司令部的美军士兵和北朝鲜的共产护卫兵大打出手。事情源于约翰.克拉克,来自佛罗里达杰克威尔逊的美国海军陆战队一等兵,被一名北朝鲜士兵扇了一耳光。最左边的是来自德克萨斯州卢博客市海军上尉威廉.里昂,也加入了斗殴。

40

American soldiers of the United Nations Command and North Korean communist guards mix it up following a meeting of the joint Military Armistice commission at Panmunjom,Korea on April 23, 1961. A brief fistfight broke out after one of the North Koreans slapped the face of Pfc. John Clark ofJacksonville,Florida, At extreme left is Capt. William Lyons, ofLubbock,Texas, who joined the fight.

1961年8月一名东德工人正在柏林墙的第一层砖。很快,东西柏林之间的这道边界就形成了。

41

An East German worker lays some of the first stone blocks of the Berlin Wall in August of 1961, shortly after the border between East andWest Berlinwas sealed.

1961年8月15日,东德的工人正在东柏林的法语区砌混凝土砖墙。右边是一名东德士兵在东西德边境处站岗。种种迹象表明了法占区域在这个城市的终结。

42

East German workers assemble a wall of concrete blocks in the French sector ofEast Berlin, on August 15, 1961. An East German soldier at the border between East and West Berliners on duty at right. Signs indicate end of the French zone in the city.

一个东柏林的难民正企图翻越柏林墙逃往西柏林。摄于1961年10月16日

43

A refugee from the German Democratic Republic (DDR) is seen during his attempt to escape from the East German part ofBerlintoWest Berlinby climbing over the Berlin Wall on October 16, 1961.

1961年的德国柏林。一辆美军坦克在西莫大街西德边境处,指向在对面东德边境处的苏联坦克。

44

A U.S. tank takes position at Zimmerstrasse at the sector border inBerlin,Germanyin 1961, pointing towards Soviet tanks across the border inEast Berlin.

1961年美国总统约翰.F.肯尼迪的妻子,第一夫人杰奎琳.肯尼迪在工作中。

45

First Lady Jacqueline Kennedy, wife of U.S. President John F. Kennedy, at work in 1961.

1961年华盛顿.宇航员艾伦.谢波德(左),正在接受肯尼迪总统授予的奖章。图中其他人为其他宇航员及副总统林登.约翰逊。

46

Astronaut Alan Shepard, at left, receives a medal from President John F. Kennedy, with fellow astronauts and Vice President Lyndon Johnson looking on inWashington,D.C.in 1961.
·1961年1月28日,埃及开罗附近,路易斯·阿姆斯特朗“书包嘴”大叔,坐在骆驼上对斯芬克斯和吉萨金字塔演奏小号。他的妻子(下左),录下了这个场景。图为阿姆斯特朗夫妇受美国国务院赞助在非洲和中东进行他们的慈善之旅中。

47

Louis "Satchmo" Armstrong, atop a camel, enchants the ancient sphinx and pyramids atGiza, nearCairo,Egypt, on January 28, 1961. His wife Lucille, lower left, records the scene on film. The Armstrongs are on a U.S. State Department-sponsored Goodwill Tour of Africa and theMiddle East.

贝利.斯坦利,8岁,三年级,纽约奥尔巴马圣菲力教会学校的唯一白人学生,正在和他的黑人朋友一起学习。贝利说他喜欢学校,其他学生都“待我很好。” 这张照片摄于1961年9月9日

48

Billy Stanley, 8-year-old third-grader, the only white pupil at St. Philip the Apostle's school inAlbany,New York, studies with African-American friends. Billy says he likes school, and that the other pupils "treat me good." Photo taken on September 19, 1961.

1961年7月15日,俄罗斯莫斯科,来自田纳西州卡拉科斯维尔市的威尔玛.鲁道夫手捧鲜花和奖牌。在美国-俄罗斯的田径赛中她获得了两项胜利。鲁道夫以11.3秒的成绩平了女子100米速跑的记录。然后她又在女子400米接力中为她的小组创造44.3秒的新的世界记录而奠定了基础。

49

Wilma Rudolph ofClarksville,Tennessee, holds flowers and medals presented to her after two victories in the U.S.-Russia track and field meet inMoscow,Russiaon July 15, 1961. Rudolph equaled the world record of 0:11.3 inwinning the women's 100-meter dash and then anchored the women's 400-meter relay team as it set a new world record of 0:44.3.

50

Light machine gun crew and riflemen, members of theRepublicofVietnam Marine Corps, secure their position somewhere inVietnam, on January 20, 1961. Charged with fighting guerrilla bands in the Vietnam countryside, the marines are similar to their American counterparts. They use American weapons and their training methods developed by the U.S. Marines. Many Vietnamese Marine officers have trained at the U.S. Marine corps camp atQuantico,Virginia.

图为1961年1月20日,越南海军陆战队的轻机枪手和射手正在越南某处力图稳住阵脚。受命到越南农村与游击队作战的海军陆战队和他们的美国同行颇为相似。他们使用的是美式武器,训练方式也是通过美军发展而来的,许多越南海军军官都在美国海军陆战队佛吉尼亚匡迪克的营地受过训。

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