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我不可能做到别人要求我做每一件事,我只有足够时间去做我该去做的事情。如果我无法把每件事情都作到尽善尽美,这便意味着我想做的事情已经超过了我该去做。认清了自己的人生坐标,我的生活变得更为简单了,作息安排也更为合理。 魅力由它而生,它是苦难的根源,也是塑造坚强现在的原因。愿意相信别人,能够承担别人的信任,相信别人却是极其艰难的决定。心底的秘密存在于过去,找到那个能接受过去的人,就能有勇气焚毁所有的担心,融化冰封的城堡,让世界大地回春。

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阿富汗的学校  

2012-11-17 15:19:27|  分类: message |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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阿富汗的学校 - die rose - die rose的博客

今日阿富汗学校一览

Maybe one day Afghanistan will become a peaceful and prosperous country and its system of education will serve as an example to be followed. One day a new educational system may be adopted, the population will be able to boast of total literacy and thousands of well-educated specialists will participate in turning their native land into a rich country. However, nowadays the situation with schools is far from being good and optimistic.
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或许在将来在某一天,阿富汗会成为一个和平繁荣的国家,拥有一个值得其它国家学习的教育制度。那时,它可能会启动一个全新的教育体制,阿富汗人民将以祖国的文学为荣,而有着良好教育的专家们也在为阿富汗的富强而努力工作。然而今天,这个国家的教育现状距离良好和令人乐观还想去甚远。

A regular school in Kabul built after the war.

一所喀布尔战后新建的普通学校

There is no single car in front of the school. The kids and their teachers use bicycles.

学校停放的没有一辆汽车。学生和老师都骑自行车上学

According to law, any Afghan person has a right to education irrespective of gender, ethnic group or material welfare.  Education both secondary and higher provided by the state is free. Besides, schoolchildren are provided by notebooks, pens and other necessary utilities at the expense of the state. Girls can be educated alongside with boys which was not allowed at the time of Taliban.

     根据法律,阿富汗人无论性别、宗教和物质条件都享有受教育的权利。中等和高等教育由国家免费提供。此外,学生们还可以得到国家免费发放的笔记本、铅笔和其它的学习用品。允许男女同校,而在塔利班时期这是禁止的。

This is a headmaster. In reality schools lack furniture and rooms that can be used as classes. Only 20-30% of them are equipped with the essentials.

一位学校的校长。现在阿富汗的学习都缺乏课桌以及可作为教室的房屋。仅有20-30%的学习配有这些必备设施和教室。

A school course lasts 12 years. It means that children from 6 to 18 years old study here. All of them come to the same class at different time. Small kids come before the lunch, elder ones – after it.

阿富汗学校的课程为12年,也就是这里的学生一般都是6到18岁。所有的学生都上一样的课程,只是上课时间不同。小一点孩子们在午饭前上课,而大一点的在午饭后。

700 girls and 2000 boys of all ages attend this very school.

这所学校有各适学年龄段的700名女生和2000名男生。

The school program is rich enough. In average, they have 4 classes per day and study 11-18 subjects including 4 languages such as Dari, Pashtu, English and Arabian.

课程表足够丰富。平均一天4堂课,学习11到18门科目,包括4门语言:达里语,普什图语,英语和阿拉伯语。

Study of Koran makes the school program different from the one used in other countries.

《古兰经》的学习使得这些学校的课程和其它国家的明显不同

Many children dream of entering a University after they complete the school. It is believed that state universities can provide them with better education though it’s not that simple to enter there.

很多学生都梦想在这些学校毕业后能仅入大学。人们都认为,尽管大学不好进,但国立大学可以提供更好的教育。

Out of 120000 children willing to take entrance exams only 40000 have a right to get free education. All the rest will pass their exams next year or enter a private university.

在12万名志愿参加大学入学考试的孩子中,仅有4万名能上免费的大学,其他的要在来年通过考试才能上私立大学。

Different useful specialties like a carpet weaver or assembler can be got at vocational school as well.

很多需要实用技能的工作,如地毯编织工和组装工,也可以通过上技校来获得。

Unfortunately, even higher education obtained in a prestige state university doesn’t guarantee good carrier or income. Only specialists hired by foreign companies earn enough.

不过,即便是国立名校的高等教育,也无法保证学生有好的前途和收入。只有进入了国外公司优秀毕业生,才能有较好的收入。

Thus, studying medicine for 8 years can be useful only because one can get good knowledge of a foreign language there.

于是,一个学医8年的学生的收获仅仅在于,他的外语水平足够好。

A doctor’s salary doesn’t exceed that of a teacher who gets 100-200 dollars a month.

医生的薪水并不比月薪100-200美元的教师多。

Only some people who obtained medical education work as doctors. The majority of them earn their living being interpreters or assistants to foreign journalists.

只有部分受过医学教育的人会成为医生。大部分的医学毕业生都靠为国外记者们作翻译和助手来生活。

There are no marks at local schools. The level of knowledge is checked every half a year when pupils have to pass exams. According to the results, they make a decision on whether the children can be moved up or not. In case a kid fails to get 40 points out of 100 he will be asked to repeat the course.

当地学校不使用分数。学生们每半年参加一次考试来检查所掌握知识的水平。根据考试结果,老师们来决定学生是否可以继续新课程。如果一个学生在100点中得分不到40点的话,他就要重学该课程。

Meet a monitor.

一位监督教师

A monitor is someone who uses such sticks to punish children.

监督教师是用这样的棍子来惩罚学生的人

A teacher won’t punish anyone. In case of bad behavior he calls a monitor who enters a classroom and beats those who disobeyed.

老师不惩罚任何人。如果有学生捣乱,他就会叫来一个监督教师来教室中惩罚学生。

If there was no monitor, no one would enter the classroom after the break.

如果没有监督教师的话,课间休息后老师就不会进入教室。

There are neither lamps nor sockets in the class. The school lacks electricity and water supply.

教室中没有电灯或插座,连学校也缺少水电。

Only walls are here.

有的只是墙。

Not enough desks are available, that’s why the guys have to share the tables.

课桌也不够,所以学生们不得不合用桌子。

Some kids study in the corridors as the classes are overcrowded.

教室人满为患,一些孩子只好在走廊上课。

The kids.

学生们


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